We are currently preparing students for jobs that don’t yet exist . . . using technologies that haven’t yet been invented . . . in order to solve problems we don’t even know are problems yet.
(Richard Riley, Secretary of Education under Clinton, quoted in Trilling & Fadel, 2009, p. 3)
Technology has become a major player in the pedagogical equation.In fact, this was the case even before the pandemic but those technophobes of us in education did not want to acknowledge it until they were forced to fully embrace it head-on. The sudden disruption caused by the pandemic and the ensuing school closures, everything e-migrated to the cloud forcing a new mode of teaching and learning and creating a new normal in teaching. Several teachers were caught off-guard and many were not even technically prepared to accommodate the new changes. Lesson? Better be prepared than sorry.
Now that the cloud of confusion and uncertainty left by the pandemic has cleared up, one fact becomes certain: technology is here not only to stay but to reign. For us in education, and although the schools are opening back their doors and students are back to their classrooms, a new hybrid modus operandi is in place where both synchronous and asynchronous modes of teaching are harmoniously working together. Obviously, this hybrid type of pedagogy requires a specific set of skills and competencies, ones that draw on the power of digitality to transform how we teach and impart knowledge to students. In other words, teachers need to cultivate reliable digital skills for them to successfully navigate the zeitgeist of today’s pedagogy.
When I talk about embracing technology in education, I am certainly not talking about old-wine-in-new-bottle’s type of concept, that is, using technology for the sole purpose of using it. Rather, I emphasize an open and innovative mindset, one that views technology as a means towards creating transformative learning experiences in and out of class. Using SAMR taxonomy (SAMR stands for Substitution, Augmentation, Modification, and Redefinition), I highlight the importance of using technology especially at the modification and redefinition levels.
Using digital technology to merely replace analog technology (substitution level, as is the case in using a word editor instead of pen paper), does not result in any transformative change and definitely does not create any pedagogically innovative practices. On the other hand, using a video conferencing software to connect your ESL class with another class in the other end of the world allowing students to practice their communication skills in real-life situation and engage in intercultural and interlingual conversations with their peers makes a whole world of difference in the way they learn and develop social emotional learning skills.
It is those modification and redefinition levels that teachers’ digital practices should focus on and to do so they need to develop a host of digital skills. I outlined some of them in the list below and I used the contentious nomenclature ’21st century teacher’ to denote a teacher who makes innovative use of these digital technologies.
The digital skills I featured below are informed by the ethos of what the Partnership for 21st Century Learning called essential skills for thriving in knowledge economy namely critical thinking, problem-solving, communication, and collaboration.
This is a work in progress and this list of skills is by no means comprehensive. I am sure a number of other aspects are still lacking in which case I invite your feedback and contribution through email or social media. The first iteration of this list was published in 2012 and since then the list witnessed several iterations. The last update to this list is at the time of writing these lines September 2022.
1. Create collaborative presentations
Presentations are key to our work as teachers and educators. Whether you are teaching online or in a hybrid setting, you will definitely fall back on their service to help with communicating ideas, illustrating main points, and sharing information in visually consie ways.
Creating presentations is one thing and creating interactive and collaborative presentation is another thing. Well, not a completely different thing as you will still need to make slideshows and add your content but with interactive and collaborative presentations you take your presentation creation process to the redefinition level we talked about earlier. You will get to co-construct slides with your collaborators, share feedback, and interact in real-time.
Presentations can be way more engaging when they involve your participants interacting with the presented content. You can do that by adding interactive elements such as live quizzes, polls, surveys, trivia, etc. Some of the best tools to create interactive presentations include Canva, AhaSlides, Pear Deck, Slido, Haiku Deck, Google Slides, and many more. Check out the best presentation making tools for teachers to learn more.
Blogging is one of the key digital activities I have repeatedly recommended for teachers. Creating a blog/website for your class is one of the first things you need to do at the start of the new school year. A classroom blog is helpful in many ways: For teachers, it provides them with a virtual space where they can share teaching and learning resources with students, communicate with parents and the school community, share class news and announcements, collect students feedback, and more.
For students, a classroom blog empowers their voice and provides them with the opportunity to write for authentic audiences. Students can also use class blog as a portfolio where they can save and share their learning artifacts and showcase their scholarly achievements.
There are numerous blogging platforms that you can use to create and host your classroom blog and most of these platforms are simple and easy to use. They also offer pre-made templates with intuitive drag-and-drop editors that allow you to customize your blog the way you want.
Blogger and WordPress are the most popular blogging platforms out there but not the only ones. In teachers’ blogging guide I shared some of the suggestions for the best blogging platforms to use with your students together with tips on how to effectively integrate them in your instruction.
3. Create interactive video content
As is the case with interactive presentations, interactive videos are powerful communicative tools that can be leveraged to accomplish various educational purposes. They can be used in flipped classrooms or in blended learning environments. Also, videos are more likely to drive engagement than text-based output because web technologies in general lend themselves much easily to audio-visual content.
Indeed, if anything, the visual component, as Gunther Kress argued, has been accorded a superior position in today’s media landscape. Therefore, knowing how to create engaging video content is becoming a necessary skill for the 21st century teachers.
An engaging video is one that hooks viewers and extends their attention span to the max. Such videos usually embed various forms of media including text, images, callouts, shapes, arrows, emojis,…you get the point! There are now several web-based tools that enable you to easily create interactive videos to use in your instruction.
Most if not all of these platforms do not require any advanced technical knowledge to operate them. There is definitely a small learning curve you need to overcome but that’s not a big deal. All it takes is few minutes to learn how to navigate the interface, discover the embedded tools and get familiar with its functionalities.
As a 21st century teacher, you need to be able to design engaging videos that clearly capture and communicate your information. To do so, you need to get familiar with video editing and and learn how to use a video editor to split or combine clips, remove or blurs unwanted parts in the video, apply green screen effects, insert links and text into videos, add voice-overs, insert animations, and more.
Each of the aforementioned features can be added with a single click and there are several video editing platforms that are especially for teachers. They are simple and easy to use. These include: WeVideo, Canva, Camtasia, Type Studio, Loom, Kapwing, PlayPosit, EdPuzzle, and more. Check out the best tools for creating interactive videos for teachers and the best tools to add quizzes videos to learn more.
4. Create interactive visuals
Once more, interaction is key here. The purpose is to design visuals that invite students to reflect, ask questions, and use their critical thinking skills to decode messages. Whether it is an infographic, a poster or an animated GIF, pictorial language has an inherent communicative power that needs to be leveraged to enhance students understanding.
And no, you don’t need graphic design knowledge to create interactive visuals. Here are some great tools to help you create professionally looking visuals to use in your class: Canva, Flipsnack, Piktochart, Visme, Google Drawings, and more. Check out best teacher tools to create interactive visuals to learn more.
The best way to go about creating your visual is to start with a premade template. All of the tools I recommend here offer a wide variety of pre-designed templates to choose from. Once you select the visual template you like, you can then customize it the way you want. When your visual is completed you can download it in different image formats.
5. Evaluate digital content critically
The Internet is full of all kinds of information and unless you know how to critically assess sources you will probably end up wasting your time reading pseudo-knowledge from pseudo experts. The web is a space where amateurish knowledge abounds. Anyone can set up a blog in minutes and start providing ‘expert’ and ‘insider’ knowledge to a worldwide audience.
As teachers and educators (and this applies to anyone else for that matter) our sources need to be accurate, reliable and credible. Critical assessment of online content starts with an investigation into the authorship of the content in question. Check the author background and see whether they have an authority in the field they are writing about (e.g., academic credentials, publications, experience, etc).
You can also check their social media presence to have a cursory look into what they share and who interacts with what they share. Never underestimate the tidbits you can collect from social media search. They can say a lot about the author. Also, try to assess the website/blog itself, looking into things such as its security (whether the URL includes HTTPS), domain name age and rank (the older the domain name the more likely the website/blog is legit), and look into popularity metrics using tools SEO (Search Engine Optimization) tools.
This process of critical assessment might seem like a lot to do but it is not. The more you practice it the easier it gets and before you know it will be a recurrent routine that you perform each time search for information online.
6. Effectively operate a search engine
Search engines are gateways to the world of the web and unless you know how to use them effectively you will probably get lost trying to find your destination. As AARP eloquently puts it, ‘finding something you need on the internet without the help of a good search strategy can be like driving from Boston to Los Angeles without a road map. You know the general direction, but there are too many options.’
Conducting effective online searches is a skill that every 21st century teacher must possess. For obvious reasons, when we talk about search engines the first one that comes to mind is Google which is one of the most popular search engines among them all. There are several search tips and tricks to help you make the best of Google. These include the use of search operators, Google Image search, Reverse Image search, search using Google Lens, Google Advanced search and many more. Check out Google Search Help to access all of these search tips and many more.
While Google is a powerful search engine its utility is, nevertheless, limited. And when it comes to academic search queries, Google lags far behind. To search for academic literature and scholarly research your best option is to use search engines that are academically focused. In this academic search engines list I featured what I believe are some of the best academic search engines to try out including a number of Google Scholar alternatives.
7. Create and manage projects collaboratively
Collaboration, as P21 highlights, is key to thriving in a global economy which is why it behooves teachers to fully embrace this quality and encourage it among their students. Creating and managing projects is an important area where collaboration is integral. Fortunately, most of today’s technology is built around this very same element of collaboration.
There is a wide array of collaborative project management tools teachers can use to co-produce projects in real-time. Teachers can work with each other on joint tasks, share feedback and ideate in real time, create and share to-do lists, keep track of the progress of their projects and many more.
While platforms such as Google Drive and Dropbox include a number of collaborative project management features, I would rather use tools that are purely project management-focused. Three tools I recommend in this regard Slack, Trello, and Asana . You can learn more about them in this post titled Collaborative Project Management Tools for Teachers. Also, for effective management of your projects you will need tools to organize your workflow and tools to help you better plan and schedule meetings.
8. Create digital assessments
The ability to use technology to design assessments both formative and summative figures among ISTE standards for educators. Assessments, regardless of their format and content, need to be inclusive and accommodating of learner variability. The goal is to create student-centered assessments that can evaluate students comprehension and overall learning in a effective and efficient manner.
Feedback gleaned from these assessments needs to be carefully examined and analyzed. Conclusion drawn should be mobilised towards informing instructional practice and towards taking interventionist actions to personalize learning and help struggling learners.
There are various digital tools to use to create assessments most engaging of which are those that incorporate the principles of digital game-based learning. These principles, according to Kucher (2021), are interactivity, immersiveness, adaptive problem solving, feedback, and freedom of exploration. And yes there several tools and platforms that allow you to create game-base quizzes and assessments and track students performance through analytic reports. Some of the best game-based quiz tools include Quizalize, Kahoot, Blooket, Gimkit, Quizizz, Quizlet, Sporcle, Baamboozle, Riddle,
9. Innovate using technology
Technology should always be treated as a means to an end. In our case, it is a means to facilitate and enhance students learning and make our teaching more effective. However, because teaching is a social act that involves human beings, there is always a degree of unpredictability it as to how students may respond to a given tool or how a tool can be adapted to a particular teaching/learning environment. No two teachers have the exact same teaching environment even though they teach the same classes.
There are several factors at play that makes one’s teaching space distinctly unique. Hence the importance of creativity and innovation. As Koehler puts it “individual teachers, grade-level, school-specific factors, demographics, culture, and other factors ensure that every situation is unique, and no single combination of content, technology, and pedagogy will apply for every teacher, every course, or every view of teaching.”
One of the characteristics of a 21st century teacher, according to Tsisana Palmer (2015), is that they are innovators. Innovation in the sense I use it here means the ability to get out of one’s comfort zone and try new tools and strategies, experiment with novel learning situations, and seek alternative learning pathways.
With innovations come the important skill of adaptability. Both qualities (innovation and adaptability) go hand in hand. Adapt emerging technologies to create innovative learning experiences and innovate to design adaptive learning environments for your students. One way to help you become more innovative in your use of educational technology is through getting yourself familiar with EdTech pedagogy, learn about the different theories and models that inform pedagogically sound EdTech teaching (e.g., TPACK and SAMR models), join online professional learning networks and explore how other teachers use EdTech with their students and many more.
1. Kucher, T. (2021). Principles and best practices of designing digital game-based learning
environments. International Journal of Technology in Education and Science (IJTES), 5(2),